Understanding Eczema: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Apr 9, 2024
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Eczema is a common skin condition that unfortunately affects millions of people around the world. This type of skin condition can become extremely uncomfortable and sometimes even painful, but there are a number of treatments available to help manage the condition and reduce the symptoms.

In this blog post, we will go over the causes, symptoms and treatments for eczema, so you can understand this skin condition and how to manage it correctly.

What is Eczema?

The skin condition Eczema, also know as atopic dermatitis, is a condition that causes inflammation and irritation of the skin. It appears as a red, itchy rash and can occur anywhere on the body. Although eczema is common in children, it can however affect people of all ages.

Main Causes of Eczema

There is no exact cause of eczema but it is believed to be related to an overactive immune system. Genetics can also play a role in the cause of eczema. Certain factors such as exposure to allergens or irritants may trigger eczema flare ups.

Some of the common symptoms may include the following:

  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Red, inflamed skin
  • Rough, scaly patches of skin
  • Small, raised bumps that may leak fluid when scratched
  • Thickened, cracked skin

Flare ups of eczema can be triggered by other factors, including stress, exposure to irritants and even changes in temperature or humidity.

Possible Treatments For Eczema

While there is no actual cure for eczema, there are many treatments which are available and can help to manage and reduce the symptoms of the eczema condition. We have compiled a short list of common treatments for eczema:


Its important to keep your skin moisturized when trying to manage eczema. Moisturizers can play a big part in helping to prevent dry skin and soothes any kind of itchiness. Try to look for moisturizers which are free of fragrances.

Topical corticosteroids

These are anti-inflammatory medications that can help reduce itching and inflammation. They come in many different strengths and can be applied directly to the affected area.

Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors

These medications also help reduce inflammation and can be used on sensitive areas like the face and neck.


These medications can help relieve itching and can be taken orally or applied topically.

Light therapy

This involves exposing the skin to specific wavelengths of light to help reduce inflammation and improve the appearance of the skin.


For severe cases of eczema, immunosuppressant medications may be prescribed to help manage symptoms.

In addition to these treatments, it is important to avoid triggers that can cause eczema flare-ups. This may include avoiding harsh soaps and detergents, wearing soft, breathable fabrics, and keeping the skin well-moisturized.


Eczema can be a challenging condition to manage, but with the right treatments and self-care, it is possible to manage the symptoms effectively. If you suspect you have eczema, send us a message via our contact page for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

With the right care, Reforma Dermatology can help and work with you to manage your eczema so you can enjoy healthy, comfortable skin.

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